Which organ system includes skin nails and hair answers com


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The integumentary system is an organ system consisting of the skin, hair, nails, and exocrine glands. The skin is only a few millimeters thick yet is the largest organ in the body. Your skin and its accompanying structures like hair and mucus are part of the body's first line of defense against pathogens. Describe two ways that the integumentary system protects your body systems from invasion.

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Answer:

Explanation:

Skin is the first line of defense against various harmful activity due to contact with grit, microbes, or harmful chemicals. Sweat produces from sweat glands deters microbes from over colonizing the skin surface by producing dermicidin, which has antibiotic properties prevention infection.

The body has Heat and cold receptors are located in the skin. When the body temperature rises, the hypothalamus in the brain sends a nerve signal to skin glands that produces sweat and they release 1-2 liters of water per hour this cools the body.

The hypothalamus also beings about dilation of the blood vessels of the skin, this allow more blood to flow into those areas with high temperature causing the heat to be convected away from the skin surface.

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